Terrorism became rampant in Nigeria in the late 90’s and further culminating in today’s epidemic proportion. A closer look at terrorism will reveal from its definition that it reflects a breakdown in law and order in society. It is a sign that formal authority is ineffectual and that checks and balances in governance are not working since little or no prosecution of cases abound.
Terrorism involves illegal acts of violence. Act of terrorism includes bombing, sabotage, assassination and high jacking of airplanes. Due to their usually bloody methods and violence, terrorists are seen and treated as outlaws both by domestic and international law.
In Nigeria, several Penal legislation provide for matters relating to terrorism prevention. They include:
- The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999;
- Terrorism (Prevention) Act 2011
- Terrorism (Prevention) (Amendment) Act 2013
- Cyber Terrorism (Prohibition) Act
- Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015;
- The Police Act;
- Firearms Act
- Explosives Act
- The Armed Forces Act;
- National Drug Law Enforcement Act (NDLEA);
- Independent Corrupt Practices Commission (ICPC) Act;
- The Economic and Financial Crime Commission (EFCC) Act;
- The Criminal Code;
- The Penal Code.
Summary of Terrorism Offenses in Nigeria
In Summary, terrorism offenses include all cases relating to all statutory acts of terrorism (Nigerian or International). They incude
- attempted terrorism,
- terrorism conspiracy,
- possession of terrorism property,
- hostage taking,
- terrorism bombing,
- unlawful seizure of aircrafts,
- maritime terrorism,
- training or supporting terrorism,
- assisting in any act of terrorism, among others. The list appears to be endless.
Credit: David A. Oluwagbami, LL.B(Hons); LLM(Ife); B.L; AMNIM. Senior Research Fellow NIALs,